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CD stamper bumps, perspective view


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Model 150-2D and Model 150-2DUTC
Very High Resolution Calibration Reference and Traceable Standard for AFM, STM, Auger, FIB, and SEM

General Purpose--High precision

A precision, holographic pattern providing accurate calibration in the horizontal plane for very high resolution, nanometer-scale measurements.

Period: 144 nm pitch, two-dimensional array. Accurate to +/- 1 nm.  Refer to calibration certificate for actual pitch.

Surface: Aluminum bumps on Silicon, 4x3 mm die.  Bump height (about 90 nm) and width (about 75 nm) are not calibrated.

For AFM, use in contact, intermittent contact (TappingModeTM ) and other modes with image sizes from 250 nm to 10 mm. Available unmounted or mounted on 12 mm steel disks.

For SEM, this specimen works well at all accelerating voltages.  Normally supplied unmounted.  Can be mounted on a stub of your choice.

Usability:  the calibrated pattern covers the entire chip.  There is sufficient usable area to make tens of thousands of measurements without reusing any areas altered or contaminated by previous scans.

Model 150-2D.  This Calibration Reference specimen comes with a non-traceable, manufacturer?s certificate. This states the average period, based on batch measurements.  

Model 150-2DUTC. This Traceable, Certified Standard is a select grade.  Each standard is individually measured in comparison with a similar specimen calibrated at PTB. (PTB, Physikalisch-Technischen Bundesanstalt, is the German counterpart of NIST.)  The uncertainty of single pitch values is typically +/- 1.4 nm (95% confidence interval).  Multi-pitch measurements provide the usual square-root of N improvement in precision. Learn about the difference betwen a traceable calibration STANDARD and an ordinary calibration REFERENCE specimen.  

Easy to use

We recommend Model 150-2D because of unique characteristics that make it especially easy to use.  We have tested this using the AFM in our own lab.  The pattern is durable.  You can scan in contact mode, which means you can calibrate and measure faster.  This is the only high resolution 2D calibration specimen we know of that has all of the following characteristics that are needed for easy use:

  • 2-dimensional array for simultaneous calibration of X and Y axes
  • pitch << 500 nm
  • array of bumps means the image contrast is high even when the probe tip is slightly dull
  • high contrast in contact mode scans
  • pattern covers the entire die so that you don't have to hunt for the scan area.

AFM  images:

Tapping Mode 3 um scan

TappingMode(tm) Image of 150-2D Calibration Specimen/Calibration Reference

Contact Mode 5 um scan

Contact mode AFM image of 150-2D Calibration Standard/Calibration Reference

During scanning in contact mode using a 0.5 N/m SiN cantilever, we did not notice any surface or tip wear affecting the image.

Further Information

SEM Images

High Magnification

The following image was captured with a magnification setting of 100 kX and accelerating voltage 10 kV.
High magnification SEM image of 150-2D Calibration specimen/calibration reference.

Medium Magnification

At 5 kX, the individual bumps were still well-resolved.  Large fields of view show how few defects are present.  The most common defects are single missing bumps or a single extra bump inserted between lattice positions.  Two vacancies are present in the image shown here.

Medium magnification SEM image of 150-2D Calibration specimen/calibration reference 20 kV

After completing the work, the analyst said: "It was nice to have something with sharp features." 

Further Information


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