Helping Solve Processing and Materials  Problems using Scanning Probe Microscopy since 1990.

CD stamper bumps, perspective view


Phone:  1-800-374-8557  Fax: 1-317-895-5652

Search this site.


: Products and services for AFM, STM, and SEM
: Applications of AFM and STM
   : CD
   : DVD
   : HD-DVD
   : Hard Disks
   : Magnetic Tape
   : More
: Pharmaceutical materials
     : Collagen fibers
     : Collagen monomers
     : DNA Plasmids
   : Polymer molecules
   : Orthopedic implants
   : Opthamalic Devices
   : Diagnostic devices
   : And More
   : Powders
   : Naturally occurring (cellulose)
   : Blends
   : Copolymers
   : Material domains
   : Paper
   : Packaging materials
   : Cast, extruded, or molded polymers
: Coatings
   : Paint
   : Paper finishing
   : Can coatings
: Electronic Materials
   : Silicon
   : Silicon Carbide
   : Germanium
   : Gallium Arsenide
   : Wafers
   : Thin Films
: Automotive
   : Corrosion
   : Wear
: Energy Technologies
   : Corrosion
   : Calalysts
: New materials including ultra high strength magnets
: Optics & Photonics
   : Diffraction Gratings
   : Modified surfaces
   : superpolished optics
   : Ultrasmooth surfaces
   : IR
   : Visible Light
   : UV
   : X-Ray
: Telecommunications

: Metals

:Gallery of interesting images



Models 70-1D and 70-1DUTC

Very High Resolution Calibration Reference and Traceable Standard for AFM, SEM, Auger, and FIB

For General Purpose and Metrology Microscopes

A precision pattern providing accurate calibration in the horizontal plane for very high resolution, nanometer-scale measurements. 

Period: 70 nm pitch, one-dimensional array. Refer to calibration certificate for actual pitch.

Surface: Silicon Oxide ridges on Silicon, 4x3 mm die. Ridge height (about 35 nm) and width (about 35 nm) are not calibrated.  The specimens are produced by a series of process steps including interferometric lithography. The period of the line-space pattern is uniform without stitching errors.

For AFM, use in contact, intermittent contact (TappingModeTM ) and other modes with image sizes from 100 to 3000 nm. Available unmounted or mounted on steel disks.

For SEM, this specimen works well at a wide range of accelerating voltages (1 kV to 20 kV have been tested) and calibrates images from 25 kX to 1000 kX. Normally supplied unmounted. Can be mounted on a stub of your choice.

Usability: the calibrated pattern covers a 1.2x0.5 mm area. There is sufficient usable area to make thousands of measurements without reusing any areas altered or contaminated by previous scans. For the most accurate results, always measure pitch in an area that has uniform contrast.  Do not bridge across areas with noticeably different appearance.

Model 70-1D. This Calibration Reference specimen comes with a non-traceable, manufacturer?s certificate. This states the average period (accurate to +/- 0.25 nm), based on batch measurements. 

Model 70-1DUTC. This Traceable, Certified Standard is "NIST-traceable" (traceable to the SI international standard  meter) by measurements made in comparison with a standard calibrated at NIST. The uncertainty of the average and single pitch values are typically better than +/- 0.05 and +/- 0.5 nm, respectively (95% confidence interval). See certificate of traceable calibration for details. This 70-nm pitch standard was the subject of a recent interlaboratory comparison involving ASM, NIST and NMC/A-STAR (the Singapore counterpart of NIST). See our publication.   

AFM TappingModeTM Scan and Average Height Profile

AFM image of 70-1D Calibration standard AFM image and average cross section of Model 70-1D  with ridge height measurement.

The ridge height is about 35 nm. This specimen is not recommended as a height reference because the standard AFM probes may not always reach the substrate level between the ridges. Nevertheless, the image contrast is high, even when the probe tip is slightly dull. You can scan in contact mode, which means you can calibrate and measure faster.

Easy to find patterned area

The patterned area is easy to find. The three rectangles shown in the sketch below are visible in reflected light, with either the unaided eye or an optical microscope. In a low magnification SEM image, the contrast is reversed. The central rectangle, which is the grating pattern, is relatively bright. The grating lines are parallel to the long side of the rectangle, as suggested by the high magnification SEM image.

Illustration of Model 70-1D die layout showing location of patterned area. SEM of Patterned region and adjacent areas of Model 70-1D Calibration specimen.

SEM High Magnification Image

Magnification = 200 kX 
Voltage =  5 kV

SEM image of Model 70-1D Calibration Standard.

See also Model 70-1DUTC - Questions and Answers.


Trademark and Copyright Notice


Hit Counter